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Jun 21, 2017

How to Solve Middle East Water Crisis?


 

The Arab area is wealthy and rich, but it has extreme shortage of one of the most necessary resources for human beings: water. Seven billion people live in this area, which accounts for five percent of world’s population, however no more than one percent of global water resources. It also shares less than one percent of annual renewable water resources.

 

The Middle East is in a water crisis.

 

There are different way to get access to water supply. In order to conquer the future scarcities, a lot of Arab countries have used various non-conventional water resources, including seawater desalination, processed waste water, rainwater harvesting, could seeding and irrigation drainage water.

 

At present, desalination is the most widely used methods in Arab region, with over half of global capacity. Desalinated water is going to increase from 1.8 percent of the region’s water supply to an around 8.5 percent by 2025. A great deal of capacity is going to be invested on brackish water treatment plant and accessory. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has cost five billion dollars to build 20 plants and purchase water treatment facilities and accessories like filter housings in the last ten years. It needs a tremendous mount of high flow filter cartridges. Saudi Arabia’s demand for water treatment remains strong and the water filtration industry have a great development in the next 10 years.

 

However, some experts criticize that seawater desalination technology is energy and capital intensive, specially for the Gulf counties. It costs too much, much more than some countries could bear.

 

The UNDP study indicates that the major water challenges in the region include lost institutions with unclear responsibilities, small capacities, insufficient fund, ineffective decision-making, less public awareness, etc. Some advisers suggested that they must be treated as a way of priority and urgency.

 

Frankly speaking, not matter what, now desalination is the most suitable way to deal with water crisis. It still works well to solve the water problems.